The Laurelton Club
THE NATIONAL ASSOCIATION OF NEGRO BUSINESS AND PROFESSIONAL WOMEN'S CLUBS, INC.
The National Association of Negro Business and Profesional Women's Clubs, Inc (NANBPWC, Inc.) was founded in July of 1935. The founders were Emma Odessa Young, Ollie Chinn Porter, and Effie Diton of New York City; Bertha Perry Rhodes, Josephine B. Keene and Adelaide Flemming of Philadelphia; and Pearl Flippen of Atlantic City.
The Founders were owners, managers, college graduates, and other professionally licensed women, who had managed to realize some measure of personal success, at a time when there was not a national movement to improve the lot of Black Americans; where there was no black capitalism program, nor any black studies curricula. Still, these women felt prepared to offer leadership.